Palamau Tiger Reserve is very rich in floral diversity. A large number of species of flowering plants, several pteridophytes, many algae, fungi and lichens are found in this area. Further, the various life-forms like trees, shrubs, herbs and climbers are well represented in the floral diversity of Palamau Tiger Reserve. The faunal composition of PTR is very rich and diverse. 40 species of mammals, 205 species of birds, 28 species of amphibians and reptiles, 21 families of insects and 36 species of spiders are recorded.